Paper “Subgroup embedding properties and the structure of finite groups” published in Note Mat.

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A. Ballester-Bolinches

Subgroup embedding properties and the structure of finite groups

Note Mat., 34(1) (2014), 35–52

http://dx.doi.org/10.1285/i15900932v34n1p35

Abstract

Our main aim in this paper is to present some results to help us better understand some different ways a subgroup can be embedded in a finite group and their impact on the group structure

2010 Mathematics subject classification: 20D10; 20D20

Keywords and phrasesfinite group; subgroup embedding property; supplements; Schunck classes; formations; hypercentral groups; p-length; p-nilpotency

Paper “On the p-length of some finite p-soluble groups” published in Israel J. Math.

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Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches, Ramón Esteban-Romero, Luis M. Ezquerro

On the p-length of some finite p-soluble groups

Israel J. Math., 204(1) (2014), 359–371

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11856-014-1095-y

Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to give structural information of a finite group of minimal order belonging to a subgroup-closed class of finite groups and whose p-length is greater than 1, p a prime number. Alternative proofs and improvements of recent results about the influence of minimal p-subgroups on the p-nilpotence and p-length of a finite group arise as consequences of our study.

Paper “Groups whose primary subgroups are normal sensitive” published in Monatsh. Math.

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Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches, Leonid A. Kurdachenko, Javier Otal, and Tatiana Pedraza

Groups whose primary subgroups are normal sensitive

Monatsh. Math., 175(2) (2014), 175–185

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00605-013-0566-2

Abstract

A subgroup H of a group G is said to be normal sensitive in G if for every normal subgroup N of H,N=H∩NG. In this paper we study locally finite groups whose p-subgroups are normal sensitive. We show the connection between these groups and groups in which Sylow permutability is transitive.

2010 Mathematics subject classification: 20E07; 20E15; 20F22; 20F50

Keywords: Locally finite group; Normal sensitivity; Primary subgroup; PST-group; T-group

Paper “On a class of supersoluble groups” published in Bull. Aust. Math. Soc.

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, J. C. Beidleman, R. Esteban-Romero, M. F. Ragland

On a class of supersoluble groups

Bull. Aust. Math. Soc., 90 (2014), 220–226

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0004972714000306

Abstract

A subgroup H of a finite group G is said to be S-semipermutable in G if H permutes with every Sylow q-subgroup of G for all primes q not dividing |H|. A finite group G is an MS-group if the maximal subgroups of all the Sylow subgroups of G are S-semipermutable in G. The aim of the present paper is to characterise the finite MS-groups.

2010 Mathematics subject classification: primary 20D10; secondary 20D15; 20D20

Keywords and phrases: finite group; soluble PST-group; T0-group; MS-group; BT-group

Paper “On generalised pronormal subgroups of finite groups” published in Glasgow Math. J.

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, J. C. Beidleman, A. D. Feldman, M. F. Ragland

On generalised pronormal subgroups of finite groups

Glasgow Math. J., 56(3) (2014), 691–703

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0017089514000159

Abstract

For a formation $\mathfrak F$, a subgroup M of a finite group G is said to be $\mathfrak F$-pronormal in G if for each g ∈ G, there exists x ∈ 〈U,Ug $\mathfrak F$ such that Ux = Ug . Let f be a subgroup embedding functor such that f(G) contains the set of normal subgroups of G and is contained in the set of Sylow-permutable subgroups of G for every finite group G. Given such an f, let fT denote the class of finite groups in which f(G) is the set of subnormal subgroups of G; this is the class of all finite groups G in which to be in f(G) is a transitive relation in G. A subgroup M of a finite group G is said to be $\mathfrak F$-normal in G if G/Core G(M) belongs to $\mathfrak F$. A subgroup U of a finite group G is called K-$\mathfrak F$-subnormal in G if either U = G or there exist subgroups U = U 0U 1 ≤ . . . ≤ Un = G such that Ui–1 is either normal or $\mathfrak F$-normal in Ui , for i = 1,2, …, n. We call a finite group G an $fT_{\mathfrak F}$-group if every K-$\mathfrak F$-subnormal subgroup of G is in f(G). In this paper, we analyse for certain formations $\mathfrak F$ the structure of $fT_{\mathfrak F}$-groups. We pay special attention to the $\mathfrak F$-pronormal subgroups in this analysis.

2010 Mathematics subject classification: 20D10; 20D35; 20F17

Paper “On formations of finite groups with the generalised Wielandt property for residuals” published in J. Algebra

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, S. F. Kamornikov, and V. Pérez-Calabuig

On formations of finite groups with the generalised Wielandt property for residuals

J. Algebra., 412 (2014), 173–178

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11856-013-0030-y

Abstract

A formation F of finite groups has the generalised Wielandt property for residuals, or F is a GWP-formation, if the F-residual of a group generated by two F-subnormal subgroups is the subgroup generated by their F-residuals. We prove that every GWP-formation is saturated. This is one of the crucial steps in the hunt for a solution of the classification problem.

2010 Mathematics subject classification: 20D10; 20D20

Keywords: finite group; formation; residual; subnormality

Paper “On the intersection of certain maximal subgroups of a finite group” published in J. Group Theory

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Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches, James C. Beidleman, Hermann Heineken, Matthew F. Ragland, Jack Schmidt

On the intersection of certain maximal subgroups of a finite group

J. Group Theory, 17 (2014), 705–715

http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jgt-2013-0052

Abstract:  Let $\Delta(G)$ denote the intersection of all non-normal maximal subgroups of a group G. We introduce the class of T2-groups which are defined as the groups G for which $G/\Delta(G)$ is a T-group, that is, a group in which normality is a transitive relation. Several results concerning the class T2 are discussed. In particular, if G is a solvable group, then Sylow permutability is a transitive relation in G if and only if every subgroup H of G is a T2-group such that the nilpotent residual of H is a Hall subgroup of H.

Paper “On the p-length of some finite p-soluble groups” to appear in Israel J. Math.

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, R. Esteban-Romero, L. M. Ezquerro

On the p-lenght of some finite p-soluble groups

Israel J. Math., in press

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11856-014-1095-y

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Abstract:
The main aim of this paper is to give structural information of a finite group of minimal order belonging to a subgroup-closed class of finite groups and whose p-length is greater than 1, p a prime number. Alternative proofs and improvements of recent results about the influence of minimal p-subgroups on the p-nilpotence and p-length of a finite group
arise as consequences of our study.

Paper “A description based on languages of the final non-deterministic automaton” published in Theoret. Comput. Sci.

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, E. Cosme-Llópez, R. Esteban-Romero

A description based on languages of the final non-deterministic automaton

Theoret. Comput. Sci., 536 (2014), 1–20

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2014.01.018

Abstract

The study of the behaviour of non-deterministic automata has traditionally focused on the languages which can be associated to the different states. Under this interpretation, the different branches that can be taken at every step are ignored. However, we can also take into account the different decisions which can be made at every state, that is, the branches that can be taken, and these decisions might change the possible future behaviour. In this case, the behaviour of the automata can be described with the help of the concept of bisimilarity. This is the kind of description that is usually obtained when the automata are regarded as labelled transition systems or coalgebras.

Contrarily to what happens with deterministic automata, it is not possible to describe the behaviour up to bisimilarity of states of a non-deterministic automaton by considering just the languages associated to them. In this paper we present a description of a final object for the category of non-deterministic automata, regarded as labelled transition systems, with the help of some structures defined in terms of languages. As a consequence, we obtain a characterisation of bisimilarity of states of automata in terms of languages and a method to minimise non-deterministic automata with respect to bisimilarity of states. This confirms that languages can be considered as the natural objects to describe the behaviour of automata.

Keywords: Non-deterministic automaton; Formal language; Coalgebra; Bisimilarity; Final automaton

Paper “Primitive subgroups and PST-groups” published in Bull. Aust. Math. Soc

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A. Ballester-Bolinches, J. C. Beidleman, R. Esteban-Romero

Primitive groups and PST-groups

Bull. Aust. Math. Soc., 89 (2014), 373–378

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0004972713000592

Abstract

All groups considered in this paper are finite. A subgroup H of a group G is called a primitive subgroup if it is a proper subgroup in the intersection of all subgroups of G containing H as a proper subgroup. He et al. [‘A note on primitive subgroups of finite groups’, Commun. Korean Math. Soc. 28(1) (2013), 55–62] proved that every primitive subgroup of G has index a power of a prime if and only if G/Φ(G) is a solvable PST-group. Let X denote the class of groups G all of whose primitive subgroups have prime power index. It is established here that a group G is a solvable PST-group if and only if every subgroup of G is an X-group.

2010 Mathematics subject classification: primary 20D10; secondary 20D15, 20D20

Keywords and phrases: finite groups, primitive subgroups, solvable PST-groups, T0-groups