# Paper «On the σ-Length of Maximal Subgroups of Finite σ-Soluble Groups» published in Mathematics

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Abd El-Rahman Heliel, Mohammed Al-Shomrani, Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches.
On the σ-Length of Maximal Subgroups of Finite σ-Soluble Groups.
Mathematics, 8(12):2165 (4 pages), 2020.

doi:10.3390/math8122165

Abstract

Let σ={σi:iI} be a partition of the set P of all prime numbers and let G be a finite group. We say that G is σ-primary if all the prime factors of |G| belong to the same member of σ. G is said to be σ-soluble if every chief factor of G is σ-primary, and G is σ-nilpotent if it is a direct product of σ-primary groups. It is known that G has a largest normal σ-nilpotent subgroup which is denoted by (G). Let n be a non-negative integer. The n-term of the σ-Fitting series of G is defined inductively by F0(G)=1, and Fn+1(G)/Fn(G)=(G/Fn(G)). If G is σ-soluble, there exists a smallest n such that Fn(G)=G. This number n is called the σ-nilpotent length of G and it is denoted by (G). If F is a subgroup-closed saturated formation, we define the σ-F-length (G,F) of G as the σ-nilpotent length of the F-residual GF of G. The main result of the paper shows that if A is a maximal subgroup of G and G is a σ-soluble, then (A,F)=(G,F)−i for some i∈{0,1,2}.

Keywords: finite group; σ-solubility; σ-nilpotency; σ-nilpotent length

# Paper «Products of finite connected subgroups» published in Mathematics

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María Pilar Gállego, Peter Hauck, Lev S. Kazarin, Ana Martínez-Pastor, and María Dolores Pérez-Ramos.
Products of finite connected subgroups.
Mathematics, 18(9):1498 (8 pages), 2020.

doi:10.3390/math8091498

Abstract

For a non-empty class of groups L, a finite group G=AB is said to be an L-connected product of the subgroups A and B if ⟨a,b⟩∈L for all aA and bB. In a previous paper, we prove that, for such a product, when L=S is the class of finite soluble groups, then [A,B] is soluble. This generalizes the theorem of Thompson that states the solubility of finite groups whose two-generated subgroups are soluble. In the present paper, our result is applied to extend to finite groups previous research about finite groups in the soluble universe. In particular, we characterize connected products for relevant classes of groups, among others, the class of metanilpotent groups and the class of groups with nilpotent derived subgroup. Additionally, we give local descriptions of relevant subgroups of finite groups.

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: 20D40, 20E45, 20D20, 20D60

Keywords: finite groups; products of subgroups; two-generated subgroups; L-connection; Fitting classes; Fitting series; formations

# Paper «The abelian kernel of an inverse semigroup» published in Mathematics

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Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches, Vicent Pérez-Calabuig.
The abelian kernel of an inverse semigroup.
Mathematics, 8(8):1219 (12 pages), 2020.

doi:10.3390/math8081219

Abstract

The problem of computing the abelian kernel of a finite semigroup was first solved by Delgado describing an algorithm that decides whether a given element of a finite semigroup S belongs to the abelian kernel. Steinberg extended the result for any variety of abelian groups with decidable membership. In this paper, we used a completely different approach to complete these results by giving an exact description of the abelian kernel of an inverse semigroup. An abelian group that gives this abelian kernel was also constructed.

2020 Mathematics Subject Classification: 20M10, 20M17

Keywords: finite semigroup; abelian kernels; profinite topologies; partial automorphisms; extension problem

# Paper «An elementary proof of a theorem of Graham on finite semigroups» published in Mathematics

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Adolfo Ballester-Bolinches and Vicent Pérez-Calabuig
An elementary proof of a theorem of Graham on finite semigroups.
Mathematics, 8(1):105 (5 pages), 2020.

doi:10.3390/math8010105

Abstract

The purpose of this note is to give a very elementary proof of a theorem of Graham that provides a structural description of finite 0-simple semigroups and its idempotent-generated subsemigroups.

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: 20M10, 20M17

Keywords: finite semigroup; regular semigroup; 0-simple semigroup